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  Permanent Link to EU contracting for GNSS interference detection network
Posted by: 2021/06/15 - No Replies
1nueT_M1HDtbeO@yahoo.com

Request for proposals to be issued The Official Journal of the European Union (EU) will publish a funding opportunity in the near future for a GNSS “Advanced Interference Detection and Robustness Capabilities System,” according to officials familiar with the project. Advance notice of this procurement was first given in August of last year, with an award projected for the first quarter of 2019. Some observers have speculated that the procurement delay was related to a change in how the final system is envisioned. The current version of the notice asks for a crowdsourcing, software and networked-based solution. The advance notice calls for the vendor to both establish the system and operate it. The purpose of the present tender is to establish a new mechanism to detect interference at receiver and antenna level based on crowdsourcing and sharing information coming from any user (individuals or associated ones) and run the service for a period of two years. While for many “crowdsourcing” suggests the participation of large numbers of individuals, this will likely not be part of the scheme. Speaking to a government advisory board, Jean Yves Courtois, CEO at Orolia, said that battery drain on cell phones would prevent this from being practical. “Privacy concerns would also be an issue,” he said. Each individual would have to affirmatively agree to have their location information used continuously. This additional administrative burden would be significant. Much easier and preferable would be using Information from already deployed networks of fixed receivers, such as base stations. Unchanging locations and existing network connections make the engineering easier and thorny privacy concerns would be minimized. These ideas are also reflected in the current version of the advance notice: The activity shall also focus on identifying and engaging users (such as entities currently monitoring vast networks of devices integrating GNSS receivers) by means of an appropriate enrolment scheme ensuring the provision of the data. The design of the system shall ensure that the sensitivity of the data (GNSS vulnerabilities) is always protected. Crowdsourcing and collating such information is seen by many in industry as a relatively straight-forward engineering problem. Representatives from Orolia and Microsemi, for example, included ideas about crowdsourcing disruption data in recent presentations to the U.S. PNT Advisory Board. Both agreed, though, that there are few commercial incentives to do such work without a government customer. It is perhaps not a surprise that the EU is taking the lead in this field while other GNSS providers seem to have little interest. Unlike GPS, GLONASS and BeiDou, which are first and foremost national security systems, Europe’s Galileo was built and is operated by a civil organization focusing on economic and civil benefits. Interference with signals directly undercuts these benefits and can be easily seen in direct economic costs. Many European countries are using GNSS for road tolling, for example. Small GNSS jammers are easy to acquire off the internet and their illegal use is likely costing nations millions of euros in lost tolls each year. Without the ability to regularly detect, sanction, and deter this activity financial losses will continue to mount. The interference with tolling problem is not specifically addressed in the EU’s advance notice. It may well be that tolling authorities and others will be expected to install their own application specific interference detectors and then encouraged to link them to the EU backbone and database. The European Commission has been aware of this vulnerability for some time. In 2015 it contracted with Nottingham Scientific Ltd. in the UK to lead a multi-nation team and assess the extent of the problem. The STRIKE3 project was in operation from February 2016 to January 2019. Its goals were to sample and classify interference events, recommend a standard event reporting scheme, and assess the vulnerability of different types of GNSS receivers. The project’s sampling activity in 23 different countries detected nearly 500,000 interference events. Of these, 59,000 were classified as deliberate attempts to disrupt GNSS signals. Within the deliberate events the STRIKE3 team were able to identify about 300 jammer “families,” according to Mark Dumville, Co-Founder and Director at Nottingham Scientific. Along with the jammers they were able to classify into groups, there were “some very interesting outliers,” Dumville said. “These are likely evidence of jammer technology continuing to develop and evolve.” STRIKE3 is viewed as a very successful project by most everyone in the international PNT community, and certainly within the EU, according to officials. The upcoming announcement and future establishment of an on-going interference detection capability are some of the next logical steps to better securing Europe’s PNT services.

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Delta eadp-10ab a ac adapter 5v dc 2a used 2.8x5.5x11mm,baknor bk 3500-b3345pip ac adapter 3vdc 500ma used 1x2.2x9.7mm,d-link m1-10s05 ac adapter 5vdc 2a -(+) 2x5.5mm 90° 120vac route,daiwa sfn-1230 ac adapter 12vdc 300ma power supply,plantronics su50018 ac adapter 5vdc 180ma used 0.5 x 3 x 3.1mm.toshiba pa2440u ac adapter 15vdc 2a laptop power supply,weihai power sw34-1202a02-b6 ac adapter 5vdc 2a used -(+) 6 pin,dell lite on la65ns2-01 ac adapter 19.5vdc 3.34a used -(+) pin,cisco ad10048p3 ac adapter 48vdc 2.08a used 2 prong connector.archer 273-1404 voltage converter 220vac to 110vac used 1600w fo.u075015a12v ac adapter 7.5vac 150ma used ~(~) 2x5.5x10mm 90 degr.a cell phone jammer is a device that blocks transmission or reception of signals,d-link cg2412-p ac adapter 12vdc 2a -(+) used 1.2x3.75mm europe.acbel api3ad05 ac adapter 19vdc 4.74a used 1 x 3.5 x 5.5 x 9.5mm.ault inc mw128bra1265n01 ac adapter 12vdc 2.5a used shield cut w,duracell cefadpus 12v ac dc adapter 1.5a class 2 power supply.samsung pscv400102a ac adapter 16v 2.5a ite power supply,dve dsa-12pfa-05 fus 050200 ac adapter +5vdc 2a used -(+) 0.5x2x,ar 35-12-100 ac adapter 12vdc 100ma 4w power supply transmiter,panasonic bq-390 wall mount battery charger 1.5v dc 550ma x 4 us,garmin fsy120100uu15-1 ac adapter 12.0v 1.0a 12w gps charger,motorola spn4226a ac adapter 7.8vdc 1a used power supply.ktec jbl ksafh1800250t1m2 ac adapter 18vdc 2.5a -(+)- 2.5x5.5mm,coleman powermate pmd8146 18v battery charger station only hd-dc,3com 722-0004 ac adapter 3vdc 0.2a power supply palm pilot.artesyn ssl20-7660 ac dc adapter 5v 0.9a 12v 0.8a power supply,dve dsc-6pfa-05 fus 050100 ac adapter +5v 1a used -(+)- 1x3.5mm.chd scp0501500p ac adapter 5vdc 1500ma used -(+) 2x5.5x10mm roun.high voltage generation by using cockcroft-walton multiplier.sony ac-v65a ac power adapter 7.5vdc 10v 1.6a 1.3a 20w charger p.sanken seb55n2-16.0f ac adapter 16vdc 2.5a power supply.business listings of mobile phone jammer.casio ad-c 52 g ac dc adapter 5.3v 650ma power supply.konica minolta ac-a10n ac adapter 9vdc 0.7a 2x5.5mm +(-) used.680986-53 ac adapter 6.5v 250ma used cradle connector plug-in.delta electronics, inc. adp-15gh b ac dc adapter 5v 3a power sup,durabrand rgd48120120 ac adapter 12vdc 1.2a -(+) 2x5.5mm 1200ma,motorola nu18-41120166-i3 ac adapter 12vdc 1.66a used -(+) 3x6.5.sunpower ma15-120 ac adapter 12v 1.25a i.t.e power supply,choose from wide range of spy wireless jammer free devices,today´s vehicles are also provided with immobilizers integrated into the keys presenting another security system,dve dsa-0601s-121 1250 ac adapter 12vdc 4.2a used 2.2 x 5.4 x 10.when they are combined together.-20°c to +60°cambient humidity,2wire mtysw1202200cd0s ac adapter -(+)- 12vdc 2.9a used 2x5.5x10.65w-dlj104 ac adapter 19.5v dc 3.34a dell laptop power supply,the continuity function of the multi meter was used to test conduction paths,sil ua-0603 ac adapter 6vac 300ma used 0.3x1.1x10mm round barrel,replacement m8482 ac adapter 24vdc 2.65a used g4 apple power,palm plm05a-050 dock with palm adapter for palm pda m130, m500,,6 different bands (with 2 additinal bands in option)modular protection,delta eadp-10cb a ac adapter 5v 2a new power supply printer,sony ac-l200 ac adapter 8.4vdc 1.7a camcorder power supply,jvc aa-v40u ac adapter 7.2v 1.2a(charge) 6.3v 1.8a(vtr) used.dell la90pe1-01 ac adapter 19.5vdc 4.62a used -(+) 5x7.4mm 100-2,ault mw116ka1249f02 ac adapter 12vdc 6.67a 4pin (: :) straight,amigo 121000 ac adapter 12vdc 1000ma used -(+) 2 x 5.5 x 12mm,in this tutroial im going to say about how to jam a wirless network using websploit in kali linux.sps15-12-1200 ac adapter 12v 1200ma direct plug in power supply,dell adp-13cb ac adapter 5.4vdc 2410ma -(+)- 1.7x4mm 100-240vac.sy-1216 ac adapter 12vac 1670ma used ~(~) 2x5.5x10mm round barre.the rating of electrical appliances determines the power utilized by them to work properly,artestyn ssl10-7660 ac dc adapter 91-58349 power supply 5v 2a.hp pa-1650-02h ac adapter 18.5vdc 3.5a -(+) 1.5x5mm ppp009l roun,transmitting to 12 vdc by ac adapterjamming range – radius up to 20 meters at < -80db in the locationdimensions,hp hstn-f02g 5v dc 2a battery charger with delta adp-10sb,sony vgp-ac19v35 ac adapter 19.5v dc 4.7a laptop power supply,mascot 9940 ac adapter 29.5vdc 1.3a used terminal battery char.walker 1901.031 ac adapter 9vdc 100ma used -(+) 2.1x5.3mm round.canon a20630n ac adapter 6vdc 300ma 5w ac-360 power supply.high power hpa-602425u1 ac adapter 24vdc 2.2a power supply,philips 4203-030-40060 ac adapter 2.3vdc 100ma used class 2 tran,neosonic power express charger ac adapter 24v dc 800ma used,digipower ip-pcmini car adapter charger for iphone and ipod.

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